In the University environment, we have scholars who are teaching what scholarship actually means to their students, so the process of scholarly communication is a learned activity that affects both faculty and students.
The Scholarly Communication Institute at the University of Virginia Library defines scholarly communication as more than just peer-reviewed publication. The Institute focuses on the "process of communication itself, in the broadest sense how scholars find information, create knowledge, and communicate among themselves, with students, and beyond the academy with other audiences."
Scholarly communication methods are rapidly changing. The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) along with the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) have created a site called Create Change that will help you understand the changing scholarly communication environment and how it effects your research and the dissemination of your research.
The organization of communication and knowledge which allows scholarship to be shared is also an important component to the process as well. Under Research Management Tools you will find will find suggestions and help with managing citations and saving your research resources.