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Citation and Documentation Guide

Guidelines and examples of citing information using MLA, APA, and other formats.

APA: Online Books

Austen, J. (1996). Pride and prejudice. Ed. H. Churchyard. Retrieved from

Mill, J. S. (1878). The subjection of women. 4th ed. London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. Retrieved from

Steed, R. P., Moreland, L. W., & Baker, T. A. (Eds.). (1997). Southern parties and elections: Studies in regional political change. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press. Retrieved from NetLibrary via

Basic APA Format for Electronic Sources

The following elements should be listed in the numerical order in which they appear. If an element is not applicable, proceed directly to the next element, and continue to the final element of the citation:

  1. Name of the author, editor, narrator, performer, or translator of the work.
  2. Date of publication (year, month and day, as available); if nothing is available, use n.d.
  3. Title of the work (first word and proper names capitalized; the rest in lower case).
  4. Title of the overall Web site (upper and lower case and italicized), if distinct from item 3.
  5. DOI (digital object identifier) or Retrieved from URL (uniform resource locator or web address).

APA Resources

Additional APA Resources

Online Tutorials