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Citation and Documentation Guide

Guidelines and examples of citing information using MLA, APA, and other formats.

MLA: Books

Sacred Text:

The Holy Bible. Wheaton: Crossway-Good News, 2003. Print. Eng. Standard Ver.

The Jerusalem Bible. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1966. Print.

Note: Section 3.6.5 indicates that names of scriptural writings are not italicized, unless they are titles of individual publicized editions of scriptural writings, as noted above. Also see "Bible Verse" under Web Resources.

A Book by a Single Author or Editor:

Graham, Jorie, ed. The Best American Poetry: 1990. New York: MacMillan, 1990. Print.

Simon, Kate. Etchings in an Hourglass. New York: Harper, 1990. Print.

A Book by an Agency or Corporation:

American Medical Association. Essential Guide to Depression. New York: Pocket Books, 2000. Print.

A Book by Two or Three Authors or Editors:

Enright, Robert D., and Joanna North, eds. Exploring Forgiveness. Madison: U of Wisconsin P, 1998. Print.

A Book by More than Three Authors or Editors:

Edens, Walter, et al. Teaching Shakespeare. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1977. Print.

Senior, Donald, et al., eds. The Catholic Study Bible. New York: Oxford UP, 1990. Print.

A Book by an Unknown Author (Anonymous):

What Life Was Like at the Dawn of Democracy: Classical Athens, 525-322 BC. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life, 1997. Print.

An Edition Prepared by a Named Editor:

Arnold, Matthew. The Poems of Matthew Arnold. Ed. Kenneth Allott. London: Longman, 1979. Print.

Short Works Collected in Larger Works (Anthology):

Frye, Northrop. "Literary and Linguistic Scholarship in a Postliterate Age."  PMLA 95.5 (1984): 990-95. Rpt. in Myth and Metaphor: Selected Essays, 1974-88. Ed. Robert D. Denham. Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1990. 18-27. Print.

Harrington, Daniel J. "Mark." The New Jerome Biblical Commentary. Ed. Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, and Roland E. Murphy. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1990. 618-19. Print.

Thoreau, Henry. "Resistance to Civil Government." The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Eds. Nina Baym, et al. 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1989. 1620-35. Print.

Translation of a Work:

Mahfouz, Naguib. Arabian Nights and Days. Trans. Denys Johnson-Davies. New York: Doubleday, 1995. Print.

An Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword:

Gill, Stephen. Introduction. Oliver Twist. By Charles Dickens. New York: Oxford UP, 1999. vii-xxv. Print.

MLA: Basic Format for Non-Periodical Print Publications

For most books, arrange the information into three units (Name, Title, Publisher), each followed by a period:

  1. Name of the author, editor, narrator, or translator of the work.
  2. Title of the work (italicized if the work is independent; in Roman type and quotation marks if the work is part of a larger work).
  3. Edition.
  4. Number of volumes.
  5. Publisher: city of publication, name of publisher (short version; see section 7.5 in MLA Handbook), year. If not available use n.p.
  6. Date of publication (day, month, and year, as available); if nothing is available, use n.d.
  7. Medium of publication, e.g., Print.
  8. Date of access (day, month, and year).

This information is taken from the title page of the book and the reverse side of the title page (the copyright page).

MLA Resources