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Citation and Documentation Guide

Guidelines and examples of citing information using MLA, APA, and other formats.

MLA: Web Resources

Web Site:

"Australian Aboriginal Music: Song with Didgeridoo." 7 Nov. 2007. YouTube. Web. 15 Feb. 2010.

Gaiman, Neil. "Now We are Nine." Journal. 9 Feb. 2010. Web. 15 Feb. 2010.

Online Scholarly Project or Reference Database:

Victorian Women Writers Project. Ed. Perry Willett. 24 Apr. 2003. Indiana U. Web. 19 Feb. 2010.

Online Posting:

Crosby, Connie. "Literary Criticism." Online posting. 2 Feb. 1996. Café Utne. 17 Mar. 1998.

Schwartz, Rikki. B. "Re: Explosive Proof vs. Flammable Refrigerators in Laboratories." Online posting. 27 Aug. 1997. Safety. 10 Mar. 2005.

Electronic Journal Article:

Landauer, Michelle. "Images of Virtue: Reading, Reformation and the Visualization of Culture in Rousseau’s La Nouvelle Hèloïe.” Romanticism on the Net 46 (2007): n.pag. Web. 8 Nov. 2007.

Raja, Masood Ashraf. Rev. of Voices of Resistance: Muslim Women on War, Faith, and Sexuality, ed. Sarah Husain. Postcolonial Text 3.2 (2007): n. pag. Web. 5 June 2008.

Bible Verse:

John 3:16. The New American Bible, Revised Edition. United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Web. 6 Nov. 2014.

Isaiah 62:1. The Holy Bible, New International Version. Bible Hub. Web. 7 Apr. 2015.

Note: Section 3.6.5 indicates that names of scriptural writings are not italicized, unless they are titles of individual publicized editions of scriptural writings, as noted above. Also see, "Sacred Text" under Print Books.

Legal Cases:

Brown v. Board of Educ. 347 US 483-96. Supreme Court of the US. 1954. Supreme Court Collection. Legal Information Inst., Cornell U Law School, n.d. Web. 3 Aug. 2007.

Government Publication:

President’s Council on Bioethics. Reproduction and Responsibility: The Regulation of New Biotechnologies. Washington: President's Council on Bioethics, 2004. Web. 29 Mar. 2005.

Film or Video Recording:

What’s Eating Gilbert Grape. By Peter Hedges. Dir. Lasse Hallström.  Perf. Kevin Tight, Penelope Branning, Darlene Cates, Johnny Depp, Leonardo DiCaprio. Paramount, 1993. Hulu. Web. 16 Feb. 2010.

MLA: Basic Format for Electronic Sources

The following elements should be listed in the numerical order in which they appear. If an element is not applicable, proceed directly to the next element, and continue to the final element of the citation:

  1. Name of the author, editor, narrator, performer, or translator of the work.
  2. Title of the work (italicized if the work is independent; in roman type and quotation marks if the work is part of a larger work).
  3. Title of the overall Web site (italicized), if distinct from item 2.
  4. Version or edition used (if applicable).
  5. Publisher or sponsor of the site; if not available use n.p.
  6. Date of publication (day, month, and year, as available); if nothing is available, use n.d.
  7. Medium of publication, e.g., Web.
  8. Date of access (day, month, and year).

MLA: E-Mail

Gates, Bill. "Subject: PC Future." Message to Steve Jobs. 7 Feb. 1997. E-mail.

Schubert, Josephine. "Re: Culture Shock." Message to the author. 14 Mar. 1998. E-mail.

MLA Resources