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Citation and Documentation Guide

Guidelines and examples of citing information using MLA, APA, and other formats.

APA: Library Subscription Databases: Full-Text Articles

Helterman, J. (1981). Arthur Miller. In J. MacNicholas (Ed.)Twentieth-Century American dramatists, Dictionary of literary biography (Vol. 7). Detroit: Gale Research.  Retrieved from Literature Resource Center via Gale:

Haddock, V. (2007, April 29). Are we ready for a woman president?; U.S. lags rest of world in putting women in positions of real political power." San Francisco Chronicle, p. E1. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic via

Ozcelik, E. & Acarturk, C. (2011). Reducing the spatial distance between printed and online information sources by means of mobile technology enhances learning: Using 2D barcodes. Computers & Education, 57(3), 2077-2085. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.05.019

Sivy, M. (2005, March). When stocks get smacked. Money, 34(3), 82-85. Retrieved from Business Source Complete database via

APA: Library Subscription Databases: Abstract

Borenstein, D. (2003). Gray memories. California Journal, 34(11), 34-36. Abstract retrieved from Academic Search Complete database via

APA: Library Subscription Databases: Legal Case

Cisneros v. Alpine Ridge Group, 508 US 10 (1993). Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic via

Esperanza Peace & Justice Center v. City of San Antonio, 316 F. Supp. 2d 433 (2001). Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic via

Basic APA Format for Electronic Sources

The following elements should be listed in the numerical order in which they appear. If an element is not applicable, proceed directly to the next element, and continue to the final element of the citation:

  1. Name of the author, editor, narrator, performer, or translator of the work.
  2. Date of publication (year, month and day, as available); if nothing is available, use n.d.
  3. Title of the work (first word and proper names capitalized; the rest in lower case).
  4. Title of the overall Web site (upper and lower case and italicized), if distinct from item 3.
  5. DOI (digital object identifier) or Retrieved from URL (uniform resource locator or web address).

APA Resources

Additional APA Resources

Online Tutorials