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Student Resources

Landing page for student resources available at Blume Library

MLA (9th edition) Resources

The MLA Style Center: Writing Resources from the Modern Language Association is the official source for MLA documentation style. This page describes "What's New in the Ninth Edition of the MLA Handbook," which was published in April 2021.

See examples for Citations by Format for Works Cited entries. 

MLA Resources

MLA: In-Text Citations or Documentation within the Text

Author’s Name in the Text:

It may be true, as Robertson writes, "in the appreciation of medieval art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance" (136).

Author’s Name in Reference:

It is "in the appreciation of medieval art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance" (Robertson 136).

Documenting a Long Quotation: (Four or more lines of typewritten text, see section 3.7.2)

R. N. Stromberg offers his observation on European philosophical dynamism:

The great philosophers of the Middle Ages, long since rescued from the prejudices against them and the charges that they were trivial or obscure—men like Anselm and Aquinas—labored to assimilate Greek philosophy into Christianity, to plant in barbarian Europe the rational outlook, seeking to shape one great tradition out of the Greeks, Romans, and Christian Fathers. (6)

Documenting a Paraphrase:

A study at Bellevue Hospital in New York City of 102 teenagers who attempted suicide showed that only one third of them lived with both parents (Fuchs 74).

Documenting a Source without Named Author or Pagination:

          Artistic renderings are displayed as didgeridoo music plays in the video "Australian Aboriginal Music: Song with Didgeridoo."

Documenting a Quotation from a Bible:

The first time you make a citation from the Bible, state in the text of your paper the chapter and the verse of the book of the Bible you are quoting, along with the name and the version of the Bible you are using. For example: "Luke 12.27 in the Oxford Annotated Bible, Revised Standard Edition, says . . ."

From that point on, you can simply refer to the book, chapter, and verse you are quoting. For example: "And when Jesus finished these sayings, the crowds were astonished at his teaching, for he taught them as one who had authority, and not as their scribes" (Matthew 7.28-29).  

Additional Resources