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Census Research

guide that describes major aspects of the Census, links to key online sources, and highlights print collections in the Blume Library

Historical Census Data

Lists online sources for census data.  Be sure to also check the Recent Census for links to sources that may go back 10 years or more. Also take a look at the subject areas in this guide (Economic Census, etc.) for older materials from these publications.

Print: Older Censuses (General Series)

Here are the General Series (100% questionnaire) materials held by the Blume Library. CDs and DVDs must be requested at the Circulation Counter and may be checked out by St. Mary's students, faculty and staff for 7 days. Non-St. Mary's users may use them in the Library. They are located in a filing cabinet in the Government Documents area, in the Blume Library office.

Print: Older Censuses (Detailed Series)

These reports provide information obtained through the sample questionnaires and their information is therefore more detailed. 

Print: Subject & Special Reports

Subject Reports

Population: C 3.223/10: . (1960-90). Housing: C 3.224/10: . (1970-80). These reports primarily cover the entire country, but may have some regional and state tabulations. The titles of Subject Reports have shifted considerably over time, but cover, in greater or less detail from census to census, these subject areas: Families, Education, Labor, Mobility/Migration, Race/Ethnicity.

Special Reports

These are Housing reports: Components of Inventory Change. C3.224/6: . (1970-1980),  Employment Profiles of Low-Income Areas. C3.223/17: (1970 only),  Residential Finance. C3.224/7: (1970-1980).

Print: Pre-1960 Census Data

The Blume Library also has scattered print holdings from some earlier Censuses.

Volumes for 1920 and 1930 are classified C 3.28/5: and C 3.37/5: , respectively. For these years, information on population, economic conditions and agriculture were combined.

The Census produced some some monographs which cover such subjects as the position of women, the condition of minorities, the farm population and immigrants. There are a few reports from 1920-1970. These volumes are classified C 3.30.

The Library has volumes for 1916, 1926 and 1936 covering Religious Bodies. They are classified C 3.35: .

Finally, the Library has two volumes from the 1890 Census: Report on Indians Taxed and Not Taxed, C 3.11:7 and the Report of Statistics on Churches in the U.S., C 3.11:3.